|End of a game 1|
|How to end a game|
|A game is finished in the order described below.
|1.||Agreement that the game is over|
|2.||Adding reinforcements, filling in the dame points|
|3.||Removing dead stones (and putting them into the opponent's territory)|
|4.||Rearranging the territories|
|5.||Counting the territories|
|Agreement that the game is over|
|When the borders between the two sides have become clearly defined and neither side has any more moves that gain territory or profit, the fighting ends and the game ends.
The players confirm verbally that the game is over and so declare the end of the game.
|Adding reinforcements, filling in the dame points|
|The diagram below shows a game just after the players have declared it finished.
Next, the players finish clarifying the borders.
|(Dia. 1: White has captured two Black stones;
Black has captured one White stone.)
|In Dia. 2, the territories of the two sides are marked with yellow and blue crosses, and the borders are easy to see.
The unmarked points are points that don't become territory for either side; such points are called dame.
|Dia. 3. Dame are points that don't become points for either side, so it doesn't matter who plays them. Here the players fill them in with Black 1 and White 2. The borders between the two sides are now clearer.
We call this process "filling in the dame".
|Removing dead stones (putting them into the opponent's territory)|
|When both sides have finished filling in the dame points, they remove the dead stones from the board.
"Dead stones" are the stones of the opponent that you have surrounded and which can't be saved but which are still left on the board.
There are no dead stones in Dia. 3 above, but if there are, you should remove them and place them with the stones you captured during the game.
|Rearranging the territories|
|During the game above, White captured two Black stones and Black captured
one White stone. The stones you captured during the game and the dead stones
removed from the board at the end of the game are placed in the opponent's
Also, since it's hard to count the territories in Dia. 3 above, you rearrange the territories.
Actually, in a 9x9 game, you may be able to count the territories easily without rearranging them, but it's necessary on a 19x19 board.
|(Dia. 4: the two captured Black stones and the one captured White stone have been placed on the board and the territories rearranged.)
|Dia. 4. The Black stones captured during the game are placed in Black's territory and the White stone captured during the game is placed in White's territory. Next, the territories are rearranged.
Note that you rearrange the opponent's territory, not your own. In other words, Black rearranges White's territory and White rearranges Black's.
The idea is to make the territories easier to count, but make sure you don't disturb the boundaries. The easiest way to count is if you arrange the territories into shapes of 10 or 15 points.
|Counting the territories|
|Dia. 4. Black's territory is 3 x 5 +2 = 17 points. White's is 2 x 5 + 2 = 12 points. Black is ahead by 5 points on the board.
If there was a one-rank difference between the players, then the result is the same: Black wins by 5 points.
If the players had played on even using nigiri, then there's a komi of 5.5 points, so that is subtracted from Black's score (or added to White's). That means that White wins the game by half a point.
|*||You can declare the game a loss for yourself without playing all the way to the end. In this case, you say "I lost" to the opponent, bow to him or her, and the game ends.
This is called a "resignation". If Black resigns, we say that "White wins by resignation".
|*||Beginners often have trouble telling when the game is finished. After playing a number of games, it gradually becomes clearer. At first, it may be convenient to have a stronger player let you know when the game is over.